Themed Nights: Unique and Quirky Nightlife Experiences
In Europe,The JAR Night Qualification Course Articles the Joint Aviation Authority (JAA) controls all training by implementing Joint Aviation Regulations (JAR). JAR Flight Crew Licensing (JAR FCL) is the document that has all the regulations regarding training. JAR-FCL 2 is the document that relates to helicopters.
After you get your Private Pilot’s License PPL(H), you may want to inprove your skills and train for a night qualification. You will not be allowed to fly at night without having completed a night qualification course. The course must be completed within 6 months so make sure you budget accordingly. The course will include ground school and 15 hours of flying – so it is not cheap.
Appendix 4 to JAR-FCL 2.125 tells us what we need to do. Before starting the night qualification course, you must have completed 100 hours of flight time as pilot of helicopters after the issue of your license. You must have at least 60 hours as pilot in command of helicopters and you must also have completed at least 20 hours of cross country flight.
The Night Qualification Course
The night qualification course consists of ground school covering the theory requirements and also the flight portion covering the flying training. The course must be conducted at a Flight Training Organization (FTO) or (when EASA becomes mandatory and replaces JAR in April 2012) an Approved Training Organization (ATO). There will not be a flight test at the end of the course. On completion of the course the night flying restriction on your pilot’s license will be removed. THEORY Theory will take at least 5 hours of instruction (actual hours depends on the school you use). Topics covered are:
night VMC minima
rules regarding airspace control at night and facilities available
rules regarding aerodrome ground/runway/landing site/obstruction lighting
aircraft navigation lights and collision avoidance rules
physiological aspects of night vision and orientation
dangers of disorientation at night
dangers of weather deterioration at night
instrument systems/functions and errors
instrument lighting and emergency cockpit lighting systems
map marking for use under cockpit lighting
practical navigation principles
planning and use of safety altitude
danger from icing conditions, avoidance and escape manoeuvres
FLYING TRAINING The flying training is the 밤의전쟁 오피녀 fun part of the course and consists of 15 hours flying. Of the 15 hours, 10 hours will be flown during the day time simulating flying on instruments and 5 hours shall be flown at night. Of the 5 hours night flying, you will have to complete 5 solo circuits. The flying training will cover:
basic manoeuvres when flying by sole reference to instruments
transitions to instrument flight from visual flight
recovery from unusual attitudes
use of radio navigation aids
use of radar assistance
night take-off techniques
night circuit technique
engine failures at night
hydraulic control failure at night
night cross country techniques
night solo circuits
On completion of the night qualification course you will be issued with a course completion certificate. The paperwork will be submitted to the relevant Authority of the country where you were issued with your license and you will have the night flying restriction removed from your license.
For further information you can refer to Appendix 4 to JAR-FCL 2.125 at any training school or search on the internet or view My Helicopter Blog for information and freebies.…